Advances in the phase state of secondary organic aerosol


Liu Y, Wu Z, Hu M. Advances in the phase state of secondary organic aerosol. China Environmental Science. 2017;37:1637-1645.


This review presents an overview of the analytical techniques for detecting the phase state of secondary organic aerosol (SOA), the effects of phase state on mass transport, and the types of SOA being studied. The previous studies showed that SOA could be solid, semi-solid, or liquid. The bulk diffusion coefficients for solid and semi-solid can be much smaller than those for liquid SOA, and therefore lead to limited mass transfer of species and different formation and transformation of SOA compared to liquid systems. However, only several types of SOA precursors have been studied, such as alpha-pinene, isoprene, and toluene. The phase state of SOA in urban areas as well as the effects of coexisting inorganic species on their phase state is largely unknown. Our analysis shows that the phase state perhaps play an important role in the rapid increase of secondary particle mass concentration during heavily hazed events. Therefore, it is important to study the phase state of SOA and the absorption and transfer of the key active gases at the surface and in the bulk of aerosols in the polluted environments, which will help us to further understand the mechanisms of the formation and evolution of secondary particles in China.总结了国内外对二次有机气溶胶(SOA)相态的研究进展,结果显示不同条件下SOA可能是固态、不定形态、液态.固态和不定形态SOA的体相扩散系数远低 于液态SOA,从而阻碍SOA的物质传输和化学转化等物理化学过程.目前,SOA相态的研究主要集中在有限体系,例如alpha-蒎烯、异戊二烯、甲苯等 挥发性有机物为前体物产生的SOA,缺乏实际大气SOA的相态信息.此外,对无机盐影响SOA相态的认识也十分有限.本文提出重污染形成过程中,相态可能 是二次颗粒物快速增长、转化的重要影响因素之一.因此,结合外场观测、实验室研究以及多层动力学模型研究重污染形成过程中SOA的相态及其对关键反应活性 气体的吸附、传输等影响机制,有助于深入理解我国复合大气污染条件下二次颗粒物的生成转化机制.


Cited Reference Count: 56Wu, Zhijun/A-7041-2012123国家自然基金资助项目; 国家973项目; 环境保护部公益项目; 环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室专项经费资助项目