科研成果 by Year: 2021

Xie K. Ambivalent Fatherland: The Chinese National Salvation Movement in Malaya and Java, 1937–41. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies [Internet]. 2021;52(4):677-700. 访问链接Abstract
China's resistance to Japanese aggression escalated into a full-scale war in 1937. The continuously deteriorating situation stimulated the rise of Chinese nationalism in the diaspora communities worldwide. The Japanese invasion of China, accompanied by the emergence of the National Salvation Movement (NSM) in Southeast Asia, provided the overseas Chinese with a rare opportunity to re-examine their ‘Chineseness’, as well as their relationships with the colonial states and the increasingly self-aware indigenous populations. This research problematises traditional approaches that tend to regard the NSM as primarily driven by Chinese patriotism. Juxtaposing Malaya and Java at the same historical moment, the article argues that the emergence of the NSM was more than just a natural result of the rising Chinese nationalism. Local politics and the shifting political orientations of overseas Chinese communities also profoundly shaped how the NSM played out in different colonial states.
Xie K. (Un)Preparing a Revolution: The Comintern in the Prelude to the 1926–1927 Uprisings in Indonesia. In: The Russian Revolution in Asia: From Baku to Batavia. London: Routledge; 2021. pp. 122-137. 访问链接Abstract
This chapter assesses the 1926-1927 Uprising in Indonesia across several interconnected geographic and institutional scales: In the Comintern, where exiled leaders of the Partai Komunis Indonesia conferred with Comintern representatives about the situation at home; in the highest levels of the Politburo, where disagreements over revolutionary tactics in China exacerbated the power struggle between Stalin and Trotsky; and in Indonesia itself, where colonial repression inspired the abortive uprising. In so doing, this chapter shows how the Uprising demonstrated the limits of internationalism. As PKI leaders were unable to maintain effective contact with the movement in Indonesia, gaps in information undermined decision-making and led to conflict over the applicability of Russian models to the Indonesian context. Debates over Moscow’s China policy diverted attention from other territories and drew PKI members into the Stalin-Trotsky feud. Comintern support for the Uprising, therefore, did not materialize, further undermining the communist movement in Indonesia.
Xie K. Harnessing Nationalism: Competition in Chinese Education in the Late-Colonial Dutch East Indies. In: Empire Competition: Southeast Asia as a Site of Imperial Contestation. New York: Pace University Press; 2021. pp. 109-131.Abstract
The Dutch East Indies government adopted the so-called Ethical Policy in the early 20th century, resulting in complex repercussions for Chinese minorities. Education was among the most contended battleground between Dutch authorities and the Chinese community and within the Chinese community itself. While the establishment of the Tiong Hoa Hwe Koan schools galvanized the rise of Chinese nationalistic sentiment, the colonial government also founded a Dutch-language school system specifically tailored for the Chinese to counterweight the potential ideological threat. By exploring the competitions and intricacies between the two systems, this paper seeks to problematize the existing literature that predominantly focuses on only one side of the story. The paper argues that the emergence of the two systems was neither a natural result of the Dutch Ethical Policy nor merely driven by the Indies Chinese’s desperate demand for education. Instead, it vividly reflects various tensions within the heterogeneous Chinese community and its entangled relationships with the transforming colonial state and the ancestral homeland.
Xie K. Experiencing Southeast Asian Studies in China: A Reverse Culture Shock. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies [Internet]. 2021;52(2):170-187. 访问链接Abstract
Southeast Asian Studies (SEAS) in China has experienced significant changes in the past twenty years. China's rising political and economic power has stimulated growing demands for better understanding of the wider world, resulting in the rapid development of area studies in recent years. Although SEAS in China predated the relatively recent notion of ‘area studies’ by at least half a century, the boom in area studies has profoundly transformed the field, most notably by attracting a large number of scholars to conduct policy-relevant research. Not only does the ‘policy turn’ reflect shifts of research paradigms in the field of SEAS, but it is also consistent with some larger trends prevailing in China's higher education sector and rapidly changing society in general. This article shows that SEAS in China has grown even more imbalanced, as indicated by the rapid growth of language programmes, absolute domination of short-term policy research, and further marginalisation of humanistic subjects. To respond, Chinese universities have adopted new approaches to SEAS depending on their distinct disciplinary foundations, language coverage, faculty interests, and local governments’ policy preferences.
谢侃侃. 英属马来亚与荷属东印度群岛华人抗日救亡运动比较研究(1937—1942). 南洋问题研究 [Internet]. 2021;(3):96-114. 访问链接Abstract
谢侃侃. 深耕与跨界:本尼迪克特·安德森和他的“椰壳碗之战. 亚非研究 [Internet]. 2021;16:120-135. 访问链接Abstract
谢侃侃. 打开区域与国别研究的新视野. 北京大学研究生院微信公众号 [Internet]. 2021. 访问链接Abstract