Air-water gas exchange of organochlorine pesticides in Taihu Lake, China


Qiu X, Zhu T, Wang F, Hu J. Air-water gas exchange of organochlorine pesticides in Taihu Lake, China. Environmental Science & Technology. 2008;42:1928-1932.


Previous research in the Taihu Lake Region (TLR) of China found high levels of atmospheric organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). To understand the sources and the environmental behaviors of these OCPs in the TLR, research on air-water gas exchange was performed in 2004. Hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), DDT related compounds (DDTs), cis-chlordane (CC), trans-chlordane (TC), heptachlor (HEPT), and alpha-endosulfan in both air and water samples were analyzed, and air-water gas exchange fluxes of these compounds were calculated. The net volatilization flux of alpha-HCH was 58 ng m(-2) day(-1), suggesting that the residue of technical HCH in the lake sediment might have been an important source of alpha-HCH to the air of this region after the ban of technical HCH two decades ago. The main components of technical chlordane, TC, CC, and HEPT, each had net volatilization fluxes > 230 ng m(-2) day(-1), suggesting that waste discharge from manufacturing plants in the upper region was the main source of chlordane to the lake. Unlike alpha-HCH and chlordane, o,p'-DDT and alpha-endosulfan had net deposition fluxes, suggesting that these compounds were transported through the atmosphere from land sources and then deposited into the lake. The correlation between air concentrations and ambient air temperature indicated that the current sources of o,p'-DDT and alpha-endosulfan were from land; alpha-HCH and chlordane were mainly from the lake.


Times Cited: 31Zhu, tong/h-6501-201139246